Theoretical Framework in Nursing Process - Theory Development in Nursing

2617 Words Apr 5th, 2012 11 Pages
Pocholo N. Isidro R.N.
Philippine Women's University, Master of Arts in Nursing

Theoretical Framework for Nursing Practice – Module 2

A. Explain/describe the 4 phases of theorizing:

1. Factor-isolating theory – This first phase of development can be further subdivided into two major activities: first is naming or labeling, second is the classifying or categorizing. The basic activity of labeling concerns itself with the recognition of an individual factor or aspect, defining what it really is and not to be mistaken for something else, thus the term “factor-isolating”. Names may be chosen based on a variety of reasons such as by function, by description or by the name of the one who invented or discovered that certain object. After
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Similarly, Newman et al. (1991) identified these metaparadigm elements: caring and human health experience. They emphasized that in order for the concept of caring to be branded as nursing, it should occur within the human health experience. To quote, “A body of knowledge that does not include caring and human health experience is not nursing knowledge. For example, knowledge about health without consideration of caring would be knowledge of a discipline of health. Nursing theories would link caring to the human health experience.” (Newman et al. 1991 as cited by Basford and Slevein, 2003)

This idea is somewhat supporting to the viewpoints of Kirby and Slevin (1992). Being more concerned with the essential nature of nursing work and the practice of nursing, they would in turn present nursing as a form of human activity involving these somewhat metaparadigmatic elements: relationship, caring and health. Here, the nurse-patient relationship is added as a major point of concern. However by identifying such a very specific element, they may appear to be restricting the environmental influence into a purely and exclusively an interpersonal dimension (i.e. considering only the human part of the environment). (Basford and Slevein, 2003)

After taking all these different viewpoints in consideration, Fawcett has mounted a fairly reasonable response to