Theoretical Orientation

1598 WordsFeb 11, 20147 Pages
Cognitive Behavior Therapy My personal theoretical orientation to counseling is Cognitive-Behavioral therapy. Cognitive-Behavioral therapy helps the client to uncover and alter distortions of thought or perceptions which may be causing or prolonging psychological distress. The theoretical foundations of CBT are essentially those of the behavioral and cognitive approaches. CBT leads to a clear, persuasive, and evidence-based description of how normal and abnormal behavior develops and changes (Kramer 293). The term “cognitive-behavioral therapy” or CBT is a term for therapies with many similarities. CBT is not used as a cure and often times used to help with anxiety or depression the most, and may be single or in group settings. There…show more content…
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered among the most rapid in terms of results obtained. The average number of sessions clients receive is only about 16. CBT is structured, directive, and time-limited in that clients are helped to understand at the very beginning of the therapy process that there will be a point when the formal therapy will end. The ending of the formal therapy is a decision made by the therapist and client. Therefore, CBT is not an open-ended, never-ending process. Many methods are used in CBT. One method is that called stoicism, which emerged from the Greek and Roman world and argued that the mind (or soul) must be something that obeys the laws of physics (Rubarth). Not all approaches to CBT emphasize stoicism though. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, and Rational Living Therapy emphasizes aspects of stoicism. Beck 's Cognitive Therapy is not based on stoicism. Another method is the Socratic Method. This is when we as a therapist want to gain a very good understanding of our clients ' concerns and therefore ask many questions. Therapist also encourage their clients to ask questions of themselves as well. Yet another method used is an educational model. Most emotional and behavioral reactions are
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