Theoretical Perspective And Key Concepts

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This portion of the paper will explore the theoretical perspective and key concepts first the classical organization theory, authored by Courtney Howard, followed by the theoretical perspective and key concepts of the ecological systems theory authored by Gretchen Rydin. As we have read in previous chapters of our text an organization can be defined as “social entities that are goal directed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems and are linked to the external environment” (Kirst-Ashman, 2014, p.160). In summary, an organization such as the Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind is formed by individuals with a specified goal of servicing members of the community who are visually impaired. Through these programs and services provided by the Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind, individuals who are visually impaired are able to integrate into the community by means of employment and education. Among the many organizational theories, which help us examine an organization such as The Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind and its functions, classical organizational theory is the most well known. Kirst-Ashman emphasizes “that specifically designed, formal structure and a consistent, rigid organizational network employees are most important in having an organization run well and achieve its goal” (as cited in Griffin & Moorhead,2012). Based on a rigid structure which, focuses on the productivity and sufficiency of completing tasks, the classical organization theory
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