Theoretical Perspective On Behaviorism Theory

2881 Words Oct 31st, 2016 12 Pages
Theoretical Perspective to Behaviorism Behaviorism is also often referred to as the Learning Theory. The origin of the behaviorism can be traced back to the paper that was written by James Watson in the year 1913 titled, “Psychology as the behaviorist views it (Watson, 1913).” This paper outlined a series of beliefs that underline the practice of behaviorism approach. At one point of time the psychologists even believed that this was the only so called scientific approach (Watson, 1913). Some of the basic assumptions of the behaviorist approach are:
(A) Complete behavior is learnt from the environment: Behaviorist approach lays extreme emphasis on the environmental factors how they influence the behavior of humans and animals. This is almost to the extent that it eliminates the innate inherited factors. This is tantamount to saying that the behavior is totally learnt and not any other way. The assumption is that the learning happens due to classical operant conditioning. It therefore implies that when a child is born its mind is ‘tabula rasa’ or a blank slate and what gets into the mind is due to the various conditions of the environment (Sammons, 2014).
(B) Psychology is a science: All scientific theories essential need to be based on sound experimental data. Experiments must be independently verifiable and repeatable. The empirical data must be supported by controlled observation as well as measurement of behavior. James Watson opined that psychology is a purely…
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