Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology are Functionalist Perspective, Conflict Perspective, and Symbolic Interactionist Perspective

585 Words Feb 25th, 2018 2 Pages
Functionalist perspective was introduced around the 1940s, by three men: Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. According to their perspective, society has intertwined parts that work together to create social balance. In other words, sociologists focus on the connecting various parts of society and analyze how a group/person is affected, or influenced by others (vice versa). For instance, when it gets difficult finding a job, multiple outcomes can occur from being unemployed. People resort to government programs (funds), in order to have food on the table and be able to support their families. As a result, more people are dependent on the government, in order to provide, and the rest of those who are working are paying for the unemployed through taxes. Then as more families are unable to provide, some lose their homes, ending up on the street. And as more families become homeless, those who are working have to pay higher taxes to compensate for all the government funding that’s going towards the unemployed and homeless. Overall creating issues for the economy and effecting the stability of society. Conflict Perspective was introduced around the 1940s by Karl Marx, and didn’t get much notice until the 1960s.Where Functionalist perspective, focuses on the different parts of society, and the…
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