Theoretical Views Essay

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Psychology is now and always has been a strongly debated science. Beginning from the time psychology first became separated from the philosophy and biology sciences, there has been controversy. The subject, most debated, was the explanation and description of human behavior as well as the human mind. It was the schools of thought in psychology that allowed for the major names in psychology that we study and read about on what seems to be a daily basis that put theoretical opinions and differences out in the open for everyone to study and perhaps formulate their own studies and/or opinions alike. There are major names in history of psychology such as; Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and William James. Each psychologist’s mentioned…show more content…
If an individual believed they were inferior to others then they become exactly as they believed. Either way each person has their own perspective and beliefs behind psychology, is there a perspective that you believe in? Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, studied medicine and became a doctor, however; his interests were primarily focused on research. He is the product of intelligent influences from many important philosophers such as; Ernst Brucke, Charles Darwin and Joseph Breuer, who he met in medical school after some studies together mostly on Anna O., coauthored Studies on Hysteria (Goodwin, 2008). One of the most noted and controversial theory’s from Freud was possibly his psychosexual theory. The psychosexual theory is broken down in stages of development; oral, anal, phallic, latency, and, genital. Freud theorized that each child goes through periods of childhood where each part of their body is reflected by erotic stimulation according to his or her erogenous zones, mouth, anus, and genital areas. Freud suggested if these stages were interrupted or dysfunctional it would consequently affect the child and they would have issue lingering into their adulthood. (Stevenson, 2001). Another theory of that Freud researched was the Id, ego, and superego. This idea was also a development theory which would advance itself in different stages. The id stage began at birth, it would be considered the need stage. An individual may not
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