Theories And Ethical Perspectives Of Child Development

3300 Words Sep 5th, 2014 14 Pages
Child development has been scrutinised through various theoretical frameworks attempting to construct the idea of a ‘perfect’ child; which has become a central part of practice (Woodhead, 2006). The purpose of this essay is to explore child development, whilst demonstrating a critical understanding of dominant psychological theories and how these can perpetuate certain political and ethical perspectives. Bringing alternative theories to the dialogue is an acknowledgement that no one theory can be said to have pre-eminence. The case study (See Appendix) is used as a vehicle to explore the application of a range of theories; and ethical dilemmas practitioners working with children may encounter. Additionally, this case study aims to demonstrate how practitioner’s expectations of children are constructed; by accepting certain theories as ‘facts’ in accordance with: historical, political and cultural nature. Furthermore; I intend to make reference to my own childhood experiences; and how this may affect the lens in which I view child development, for my future practice.
Studies of child development seem multidisciplinary; particularly considering the philosophical, neuroscientific, and psychological ideologies. As observed by Sorin 2005; traditionally through Locke’s ideologies, society tended to portray children as ‘blank slates’, and education was a way of filling in the slate with ‘knowledge’. However, Levitt 2007:7 identifies shifts in paradigms, identifying neuroscience…

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