Since the dawn of mankind, there has always been a struggle for power, from our primitive ancestors to our present day, supposed, enlightened times. There have been a variety of systems that spawned and died in the political world. It can be assumed that the fruition of democracy emerged after the desire to create a system in which it was equal, sustainable, and transparent and where human rights was recognized. Robert Dahl, a prominent political scientist, had believed creating a democratic society in which he considered was perfect had to have (Dahl, 2000): effective participation, equal voting, enlightened understanding, an open agenda setting and inclusion (p.37-38) . In the present day, there are many countries that consider themselves
One of the long-standing pursuits of the human well-being among scholars is the notion of the ‘democracy’. Initially, the word ‘democracy’ is derived from the Greek word ‘demos’ and ‘cratein’, which mean ‘common people’s rule’. Despite having some disputes over the exact meaning of this word and comprehension, the types of the democracy, and its wave, the meaning is mainly considered as ‘government or rule by the people’ throughout the world (Terence 2014).
one essential conviction, expressed in the word democracy itself: that power should be in the hands of the people. Although democracy today has been slightly inefficient in this idea, with the wealthy, elite class challenging this right, “it nevertheless claims for itself a fundamental validity that no other kind of society shares….” To completely understand the structure of democracy, one must return to the roots of the practice itself, and examine the origins in ancient Greece, the expansion in the Roman Empire, and how these practices combined make what we recognize as today’s democratic government.
Max Weber was a German sociologist, economist and a political leader who influenced the field of economics and sociology with his research and theories. He is considered as one of the founders of sociology along with Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim. He was also the founder of German Democratic Party. His works continue to inspire many economists and sociologists until this day.
A theory is an explanation for a problem or an observation. These explanations can vary based on which perspective is being used, such as a moral or sociological. Despite having different theories for the same problem, they all try to “...explicitly or implicitly suggest how to address [a] problem, which could then lead to appropriate action” (p.52).
Democracy is often referred to as the rule of the many, but Aristotle called this definition incomplete. In his book “Politics”, he explained that in a city if the majorities are aristocrats and if they have political authority, then it is an aristocracy not a democracy. He therefore defined democracy as when “free people have authority and Oligarchy as when the wealthy have it” (1290b). Plato viewed Democracy as a flawed system with too much inefficiency that would make any implementation of a true democracy not worth it. While Aristotle viewed democracy as a system that could work if it is limited to certain restrictions and if it is the regime that best fits the culture of the people to be governed. In this essay it will be argued that Plato’s view on democracy as a flawed system is more prevalent or more compelling if the current political arena around the world is observed.
The ideology of a true democracy no matter how great the thought, is dealt with no different than any other form of government in which it is a race for power. In the classical sense, true democracy is the equal power of each member of the constituencies; however, practice gives more power to the members and the line of power gets blurred. To outline it true democracy and practice differ by the vast levels of power and political roles, political corruption putting democracy’s interests at risk, and personal interests undermining any actual change.
There are many sociological issues in the world today that can relate back to the concept theories that Karl Marx and Max Weber formed many years ago. Although there are too many for us to go further in depth on, I chose to primarily focus on Racism and Classism. With the perspectives of these theorists in mind I can explain how Racism, Classism, in conjunction with Feminism are among the largest social problems human beings face in the world today.
1. Describe and discuss theoretical models of political legitimacy, for instance Max Weber’s ”ideal types”.
In our textbooks democracy is defined as “a form of regime associated with ‘rule by the people’ that signifies rights and liberties for citizens, including political rights to participate in elections and civil liberties such as freedom of speech” (Dickovick & Eastwood, 2013). Yet this definition will not suffice alone. To further our understanding of a democracy Larry Diamond and Leonardo Morlino explain what makes a good quality democracy. According to them a democracy is at least made up of universal suffrage, fair elections, multiple political parties, alternative sources of information, and must accords its citizens’ ample freedom, political equality, and control over public policies and policy makers through the legitimate and lawful functioning of stable institutions as well (Diamond & Morlino 2004). Although the quality of a democracy is hard to measure, they offer eight dimensions that can be used to measure the quality of a democracy, and if
Every field of academic study has its own particular thrown of characters, and sociology is no individual case. Albeit incalculable people have added to sociology 's improvement into sociology, a few people merit extraordinary notice. We will be discussing the contribution of one of the great founder of Sociology named Max Weber in the succeeding discussion.
Democracy: a government by the people, in which citizens rule either directly or through elected representatives - the latter description more relevant to today’s societies. Quite evidently, democracy is not perfect; like any other political system, it is subject to a plethora of flaws. For instance, it is no secret that voters tend to make illogical decisions – not out of sheer malice, but as a result of being wrongly informed. Politicians also make erroneous choices, whether they do so because they are dishonest or simply out of touch with the true will of their constituents. Further, anyone who has studied the government of a parliamentary democracy knows gerrymandering can have a powerful say in determining elections. Despite these and
Political theory refers to the study of the concepts and principles that people use to describe, clarify and evaluate political events and institutions. It is the categorization of social thought by a group or by the persuasion or beliefs of a geo-political mass. The majority of political theories in existence have been initiated as critiques towards existing political, economic and social conditions of that theorist’s time. It is an ever-changing, somewhat interconnecting ideal that ranges vastly across the
A democratic government is typically thought of as one based on the consent of, and responding to the wishes of its constituents. A fundamental difficulty of devising a universal definition of democracy is that governments of widely varying, even diametrically opposed, structure and attributes can be perceived to be responsive to the needs and desires of its constituents. “Bourgeois” republics, fascist dictatorships can be and have been perceived by numerous and passionate advocates to meet this essential criterion for “democracy”. Advocates of the democratic peace proposition have an admittedly procedural definition for democracy, focusing on competitive elections, widespread suffrage, civil rights, freedom of the press etc. Many of these attributes and structures are easily identifiable. The debate focuses on the issue that whether political regimes possessing such relatively easy-to-identify characteristics behave differently –especially towards each other-than do other sorts of regimes. Democracy is a continuous concept; states are democratic to lesser or greater degrees, and therefore is it impossible to sort states into two categories, democratic and non democratic. This makes it necessary for those who are defending or evaluating the assertion that “democracies never fight wars against one another to acknowledge that in reality the assertion that they are defending, in more precise terms is ‘ States that have achieved a
Dictionaries define Democracy as a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament . Other dictionaries define Democracy as the rule of the majority. Democracy appears distinguishably in everyday news, papers, and people’s daily talks. Democracy as a word has become associated with equality and goodness. Moreover, democracy, in theory, is not the power of certain people over others but the power of the people, the people rule. Personally, I believe that democracy is liberty. In other words, “In order that the liberty of all may be preserved, the liberty of everybody must be curtailed.” Nevertheless, I find that today’s definition of democracy has changed considerably. This paper will discuss the term democracy defined by Qaddafi’s through his book and rule of Libya.