Theories, Conflict Theories And Developmental Theories

957 WordsJun 15, 20164 Pages
Module six readings cover why certain groups of people may commit or not commit crime in comparison to other groups of individuals. Different theories this module covers to help explain different criminal patterns are labeling theories, conflict theories and developmental theories. Labeling theories also known as social reaction theory tries to explain how labeling a person can actually cause them to participate in more criminal behavior (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 173). They believe that by labeling someone a criminal, crime starts to become self-filling, and they may start to get involved in more dangerous criminal behavior (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 174). Lemert proposed that primary deviance is when an individual (usually youth) first commit a non-violent crime and gets caught and labeled as a criminal they will commit secondary deviance (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 175). Secondary deviance is more serious criminal behavior, usually violent, that occurs more often than primary deviance (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 175). More recent research believes that labels given to an individual by family, friends, and community will have stronger effects on criminal behavior (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 175). Marxist Theories of crime believe that individuals who are poor are more likely to be punished for criminal behavior (Tibbetts, 2012, p. 176). This theory proposes that crime and laws are a way for a capitalist society to keep running properly. They believe that economic power can be related to legal power
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