Theories Of Behaviorism And Constructivism

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Introduction Behaviorism and constructivism are learning theories which stem from two philosophical schools of thought which provide a structured foundation for planning and teaching instructional tasks. Behaviorism is based on observable changes in behavior. Any concept can be learned if it is repeated enough until it becomes automatic. Some key players in the development of the behaviorist theory include Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike and Skinner. Constructivism is based on the premise that we all construct our own perspective of the world, through individual experiences and schema. The major players associated with Constructivist theory include Piaget and Vygotsky. Having knowledge of various learning theories is an essential element in instructional design. Understanding how students learn, coupled with a student 's current level of understanding, is imperative to quality instructional design. Details of both theories will be highlighted in conjunction with exploring a ratio reasoning lesson plan.
The theory of learning called behaviorism is the most common learning theory enacted in the US school system. The bias towards behaviorist philosophies can be seen in our education system by the emphasis on standardized tests and the outline of Common Core State Standards, as just a couple of the many examples. Behaviorists tend to believe that learning can be seen only through changes in behavior. Evidence of this belief can be read in the writings of
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