Theories Of Class Alienation

968 Words4 Pages
During the 19th century, European workers would refer to themselves as an oppressed class. In a capitalist economy, the means of production are privately owned. As a result, a political economist will find himself divided into two classes: those who own the means of production and those that do not. For Marx, the political economy fails to explain the reason for the “division of labour and capital”. Marx poses a critical question when it comes to class oppression and the division of labour: who is the real producer of a commodity? Is it the capitalist or the labourer who produced it? For Marx, the idea of the means of production is an important economic category. Marx shows how capitalism’s complex process of exploitation creates not only a myriad of differences across the labour force, but also common relations that cut across the differences of income, occupation, and status. It is these common relations that create class based societies and further class oppression. In this paper, I will first analyze Marx’s theory of alienation as a cause of class oppression and explore his communist theories to determine the best answer to resist class oppression. I will argue that alienation still exists today, and in using Engles’ theory of class oppression, I will argue that and that a classless system is impossible to attain without political involvement.
In his theory of alienation, Marx concludes that the realization of labour “appears as a loss of reality for the worker,
Get Access