Theories Of Criminology And Criminal Behavior

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In the early to mid-1800s there were a few perspectives introduced regarding how to determine which individuals were more likely to commit criminal behavior. These perspectives were made to identify and separate the more “superior” individuals from the “inferior” individuals. One of the first examples of this belief was brought forth by craniometry. Craniometry is the belief that the size of a person’s brain and the skull can tell a person’s superiority or inferiority in relation to certain racial groups. During that time it was believed that the size of a person’s skull directly reflected the size of a person’s brain. The larger the brain the more intelligent or “superior” the person was. Many of the studies done by Craniometrists showed that people of White European descent were “superior” to people of other ethnic or racial groups. These studies were deemed biased and unethical because the researcher’s knew which brains and skulls belonged to which racial groups before the measurements were taken. During the mid to late 1800’s Cesare Lombroso based his scientific theories of criminology on Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection. Charles Darwin suggested that humans evolved from primitive beings and that humans later evolved based on their ability to adapt to their environment. The humans that are unable to adapt to their environment die off or become inferior. Lombroso believed that certain individuals or groups of people were born to commit crime. In terms of
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