Theories Of International Relations

1158 Words5 Pages
International relations theory is the study of international relations (IR) from a theoretical perspective. It attempts to provide a conceptual framework upon which international relations can be analyzed. There are several international theories, realism, liberalism, idealism, Marxism and functionalism are only few of the examples.
Like political scientist Stephen M. Walt who published a much-cited survey of the field in, “One World, Many Theories,” in 1998. I also believe that there are three dominant approaches: realism, liberalism, and an updated form of idealism called “constructivism” that can explain the world order today. Walt argued that these theories shape both public discourse and policy analysis. Realism focuses on the shifting distribution of power among states. Liberalism highlights the rising number of democracies and the turbulence of democratic transitions. Idealism illuminates the changing norms of sovereignty, human rights, and international justice, as well as the increased potency of religious ideas in politics.
At realism’s core is the belief that international affairs are a struggle for power among self-interested states. Clear-sighted states can mitigate the causes of war by finding ways to reduce the danger they pose to each other. Nor is realism necessarily amoral; its advocates that a ruthless pragmatism about power can yield a more peaceful world, if not an ideal one. In recent decades, the realist approach has been most fully articulated by
Get Access