Theories Of Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs And The Equity Theory

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I. Introduction The focus of this paper is to discuss two motivational theories: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the Equity theory as well as two leadership theories: the Participative Theory and Pat-Goal Theory and their affects on the work environment. By applying them to a case study involving Alex and Stephanie, we can see just how effective or ineffective things can become. Alex and Stephanie are full time college students as well as full-time employees at a local supermarket. While they have these in common, their situations as employees at the supermarket drastically differ. Alex is stuck in a slump and very bored in his position. He has a boss that has degraded him in front of other employees for seemingly no reason and has been given no opportunities to diversify himself within the supermarket. Stephanie is ecstatic about her job and where things are going. Stephanie has a boss that really allows for maximum growth from his employees. Today this is really how jobs are. Two different people working for the same exact company but because of the methods their managers choose to use, they have completely opposite outlooks on their careers and what the future has to hold for them. II. Analysis A. Motivational Theory 1: Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Maslow’s hierarchy of needs depicts an individual’s needs in order of importance illustrating physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization as the most important. According to Maslow once a particular
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