Theories Of Motivation For Discussion Purposes

938 Words Nov 10th, 2015 4 Pages
Principles of Management assignment – BMG119

Q. Reflect on a situation where someone in a position of authority motivated you and compare this with a situation where an authority figure demotivated you.

Use early and contemporary theories of motivation for discussion purposes.

Introduction

The term motivation refers to two different ideas. Motivation is an internal state that leads to the fulfilment of objectives. Personal motivation affects the direction, depth, and persistence of effort. From a manager’s point of view, motivation is the process of getting people to fulfil objectives. Both concepts have an important meaning in common. Motivation is the expenditure of effort to accomplish results. The effort results from a force that comes from within the person (DuBrin, 2009 p. 372).

This assignment will examine the early theories of motivation as well as the contemporary theories of motivation. Case study examples will be applied to the theories. A comparison will be made reflecting on a situation where someone in a position of authority motivated me to a situation where an authority figure demotivated me.

Early Theories of Motivation

There are five different motivation theories titled “Early Theories”; Fredrick Taylor’s Scientific Management, Mayo’s Hawthorne Studies, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, McGregor’s Theories X and Y, and Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory describes what people need to be doing to enjoy themselves and stay…
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