Theories Of Self Efficacy And Self Esteem Essay

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Psychologist Albert Bandura has defined self-efficacy as one 's belief in one 's ability to succeed in specific situations or accomplish a task. One 's sense of self-efficacy can play a major role in how one approaches goals, tasks, and challenges (Bandura, Albert 1995). Self-Efficacy and Self-esteem are a lot alike in regards to an individual’s belief in their ability to succeed at a task. Self-esteem plays a big role in determining how an individual performs in the classroom. Individuals with high self-esteem do better in school as opposed to their peers with low self-esteem who do not perform as well. Individuals with high self-esteem have a high locus of control and utilize healthy coping strategies. In contrast, individuals with low self-esteem have a low locus of control depend on unhealthy coping strategies, such as self-handicapping. Students with an internal locus of control obtain higher test scores and credit their academic success to internal factors as oppose to those with an external locus of control who more often blame or credit the concept of luck or fate. Students with an external locus of control believe that no matter how much they study, if they are meant to pass a test they will. Self-handicapping refers to a performance-debilitating characteristic, which has been consistently associated with negative outcomes which in student populations such as academic under achievement and poor psychological adjustment. Research suggests that locus of control is

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