Theories Of Sigmund Freud And Jean Piaget

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Developmental Theories Through Our Own Eyes Worldwide there are no two individuals who are identical in behavior or developmental traits. For many reasons, people differ physically, mentally, and emotionally. Through time, behavior has been studied developing into various theories by breaking down personality in hopes to better understand an individual’s way of conducting. To further understand how development works we will be exploring and comparing the psychological theories of three well-known theorists, Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, and Jean Piaget.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Also known as the “father of modern psychology”, Sigmund Freud, was a Vietnamese neuropathologist (LumenLearning, 2017). Upon caring for a patient one day, Freud
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He also believed that “personality forms during the first few years of life” and that “the ways in which parents or other caregivers interact with children have a long-lasting impact on children’s emotional states have guided parents, educators, clinicians, and policy makers for many years” as stated by Lumen Learning (2017). Freud’s psychosexual theory contains five stages of development: id, ego, superego, latent, and genital. Each of these five stages germinate at different periods in our lifetime and serve to prove how everyone experiences, or has desires, of unconscious pleasure in each stage. Freud believed that a conflict in this area would lead to fixation, regression, and personality problems, resulting in defense mechanisms used to control anxiety, some examples include nail biting, keeping your hands tucked in your sweater sleeves, a thumb sucker, and so on. Although Freud’s theory speaks on personality, his emphasis was more towards the unconscious mind. Today Freud’s theory has contributed to therapy, psychiatry, psychology, and even schools globally by allowing interaction in between the individual and the licensed healthcare worker or school counselor to sit down and vent about their feelings and fears in hopes to soothe the emotionally or physically hurt individual. Fraud has played a great role in the world of development dominating the psychiatry field until a new theory came about in the 1950’s (LumenLearning, 2017).
Erik Erikson
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