Theories Of Situativity Theory

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Assignment submitted to Dr.Babak Mahmood
By
Tahira Rehman Gunjial
Ph.D Student
1. Situativity Theory Situativity theory argues that knowledge, thinking, and learning are situated (or located) in experience. The importance of context to these theories is dominant, including the unique contribution of the environment to knowledge, thinking, and learning; indeed, they argue that knowledge, thinking, and learning cannot be separated from (they are dependent upon) context. Situativity theory includes situated cognition, situated learning, ecological psychology, and distributed cognition. Some implications of Situativity theory include: a new way of approaching knowledge and how experience and the environment impact knowledge, thinking,
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A summary of Jerome Bruner’ theory Jerome Bruner’ theory is very influential and has direct implications on the teaching practices. The main ideas of the theory can be summarized as follows:
• Learning is an active process. Learners select and transform information.
• Learners make appropriate decisions and postulate hypotheses and test their effectiveness.
• Learners use prior experience to fit new information into the pre-existing structures.
• Scaffolding is the process through which able peers or adults offer supports for learning. This assistance becomes gradually less frequent as it becomes unnecessary.
• The intellectual development includes three stages. The enactive stage which refers to learning through actions. The iconic stage which refers to the learners use of pictures or models. The symbolic stage which refers to the development of the ability to think in abstract

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