Theories Of The Classical School Of Criminology

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The six most important and influential thinkers of the Classical School of criminology and their intellectual contributions is listed as follows: John Lock: published essay Concerning Human Understanding, he compared adult human qualities to life experiences, he wanted the government to get involved more with their citizens instead of the citizens taking ownership for their own problems.Thomas Paine: has a claim to the title The Father of the American Revolution, which rests on his pamphlets, especially Common Sense, which crystallized sentiment for independence in 1776(Schmalleger, 2012).Thomas Hobbes: English philosopher, developed an extremely negative view on human nature and social behavior.Cesare Beccaria: had a doctor of laws degree by the time he was 20 years old; he claimed that punishment should be imposed to prevent offenders from committing additional crimes. Jeremy Bentham: his beliefs went of the “Enlightment” thought; he didn’t promote cruel or extreme punishment;also known for "fundamental axiom" of his philosophy the principle that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong".Charles–Louis de Secondat Montesquieu: French philosopher ,he weaved Locke’s ideas into a concept of a separation of powers between divisions of government ; both ideas was later put in the US Constitution (Schmalleger, 2012).

Classical school of criminology is an important theory in the framework of criminal behavior. Since
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