Theories Of The Mind-Body Problem

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The mind-body problem is stating the exact relation between the mind and the body. The question from the mind-body problem is how can these two substances with completely different natures causally interact so as to give rise to a human being capable of having voluntary bodily motions and sensations? Besides, the study of emergence in biological systems may illuminate the mind-body relation. Mind-Body Identity Theory is the idea that the mind is just a part of the physical body. Mind-brain identity theorists like to say that "mental states" are "brain states" but we will see that much more than abstract "states", "events", "properties", and "laws" are involved in explaining how the mind emerges from the brain. On the other hand, a more extreme sayings is deny the existence of mind which is only a brain exists. Identity theory explains the interaction…show more content…
So there are lots of different kinds of physical properties. ‘Type identity theory’ claims that mental properties are physical properties. If we say that these physical properties are properties of a brain, then the theory is mind–brain type identity theory. So this theory claims that thinking a thought or feeling an itch is exactly the same thing as certain neurons firing and having a belief is the same thing as certain neural connections existing. Any particular type of mental state is a particular type of brain state. The evidence is that mental events and states are very closely dependent on the brain, so many people now think that ‘the mind’ is just ‘the brain’, and everything mental is actually neurophysiological. Once again the theories such as dualism and materialism are part of the mind-body theory in which both theories are opposite to one another and philosophers supporting either side strive to figure out the mind and the
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