Theories On Personality And Personality

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Many psychologist have different theories on personality and how personalities develops from childhood to adulthood. Alfred Adler, Alderian Psychology focuses on people’s effort to compensate for their self-perceived inferiority to others. Erik Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. They all seem to play a part in the shaping of the social behavior of one’s personality, failure or success. Freud theory of personality reasons that the structures and conflicts in the human mind shapes personality. His theory consisted of the structures of the mind, the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the primitive and natural component of personality. It consists of all the biological components of personality, which…show more content…
The conscience punishes the ego through the feelings of guilt. The ideal self is an imaginary picture of how you should be. Freud proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place in a sequence of fixed stages. Conflicts amongst the organization of the mind, appears at each of Freud’s five basic stages of psychosexual development. The five stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. These are called stages due to the fact that each stage symbolizes the fixation of libido on multiple parts of the body. Freud supposed that life was constructed around tension and pleasure. Freud also supposed that all tension was due to the collection of sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge. In the first stage of personality development, the oral stage, the sexual energy is centered in the baby’s mouth. This stage occurs from 0 to 1 year. It gets plenty of gratification from putting different things in its mouth. Which at this stage are mouth orientated, such as sucking, biting, and breast-feeding. Freud believed that oral encouragement could lead to oral obsession later on in life. The libido stage now focuses on the anus when the child arises countless gratification from defecating. The child is now at the age where they are full aware that they are a person and their ego is developed. Freud believed that early of harsh potty training can lead to the child becoming an anal-retentive
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