Theories On Personality And Personality

2396 Words May 6th, 2015 10 Pages
Many psychologist have different theories on personality and how personalities develops from childhood to adulthood. Alfred Adler, Alderian Psychology focuses on people’s effort to compensate for their self-perceived inferiority to others. Erik Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. They all seem to play a part in the shaping of the social behavior of one’s personality, failure or success.
Freud theory of personality reasons that the structures and conflicts in the human mind shapes personality. His theory consisted of the structures of the mind, the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the primitive and natural component of personality. It consists of all the biological components of personality, which include life instinct and death instinct. The id demands immediate satisfaction and when this occur pleasure is experienced. When it denied we experience pain. In order for the ego to develop, there has to be a median between the idealistic id and real world. The id is disordered and irrational while the ego works by purpose. The ego works to the reality principle, working in realistic ways to fulfill the id’s demands, often compromising or postponing satisfying to avoid negative consequences of society. “The ego is 'like a man on horseback, who has to hold in check the superior strength of the horse” (Freud, 1923). The superego unites the values and morals of society where they are learned from parents and others around. The superego made up…
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