Theories and Principles for Planning and Enabling Learning

2341 WordsJul 9, 201810 Pages
I will explain the psychology of learning and the theories I use in my practice. Analysing these theories and teaching methods will give rise, to investigating how these will help in teaching and learning ‘In a nutshell, a principle is a value, belief or ethic relating to something you do and the theory is that which explains why it works’.(Wilson 2009:350) In delivering of a lessons, educator must keep in mind SMARTER objectives. Investigating these theories the focus must be on the implication they have on my practice. These are only useful in so far as they can help the learners achieve the lesson aims and objectives. (Wallace 2007:93) Behaviourism is where a person learns through responding to stimuli so as to optimise their own…show more content…
(Wallace 2007: 100) Ausubel promoted the advanced organiser he was total against the idea of learning by rote. These concepts are the foundation of cognitivism to help the learner to build on their own previous knowledge which supports the transfer of knowledge. Using a scheme to structure existing knowledge, so new knowledge can-be imparted to the learner. To use a schemata guild the process of your actions and to act has a bridge for certain situations. To use scaffolding to support the process so enabling learning and gradually removed it until it is no longer needed. To consider understand apply and promote for the following: Problem solving activities and group discussion so that learner can use a mind-map to develop their ideas this provides the basis for new learning. Humanist theory is the notion that people needs are to search for meaning and goals establish autonomy. This is totally learner centred in its approach and the research differs from the others. It relates more closely to varied behaviours of human learning and less scientific in its approach by understanding that life is more complex and unstable. (Wilson 2009:355) Rogers’ theory was the promotion of self-concept. He advocated that humans grow through experience and become independent. People desire to be accepted and valued as individuals. He did work on experiential learning and viewed that the teacher role is to be a facilitator. Maslow theory
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