Theories of Health Promotion

2264 Words Dec 8th, 2012 10 Pages
Theories of Health Promotion

The following essay is a comparative analysis of two theories of health promotion, one which is a theory of and the other a theory for health promotion. Beattie’s model will be used as theory of and transtheoritical stages of change model as a theory for health promotion. An example from area of work practice will be used to demonstrate the differing aspects emphasised by each Theory. Furthermore the essay will seek to suggest an explanation of current health promotion. This assignment will therefore aim to achieve a greater comprehension of what health promotion actually is and to understand what is meant by ‘Theories of and for…’.Difference of theories and models will also be given. Being able to state
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Seedhouse (1997) described the field of health promotion ‘as muddled, poorly articulated and completely lacking of clear philosophy’. Wills (2007) argues, conceptualizing health promotion is also problematic because there are many different approaches to promoting health. Burton and McDonald (2000) asks whether or not health promotion can legitimately be thought of as a discipline but suggest that recent changes in knowledge base and practice of health promotion are characteristics of a paradigmatic and disciplinary development. However the purpose of Health Promotion is to enable people to increase control over, and to improve, their health and its determinants. This is embodied in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (WHO 1986) and in the Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a globalized World (WHO 2005) …. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond healthy lifestyles to well-being. Contemporary health promotion draws on a range of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives and operates at many levels to facilitate conditions and opportunities for personal, community and organisational empowerment, effective partnerships. and alliances, healthy public policy and reoriented, sustainable environment.

A theory according to the National

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