Theories of International Organization

4154 Words Nov 18th, 2007 17 Pages
Introduction

International Organizations are formal institutional structures transcending national boundaries that are created by multilateral agreement among nation-states. Their purpose is to foster international cooperation in areas such as security, law, economic and social matters and diplomacy.
The theory of international organization has evolved from developments in such areas as internationalism, transnationalism, complex interdependence, and the study of regimes, functionalism, federalism and integration.

Defining International organization

International organization is a process; international organizations are representative aspects of the phase of that process which has been reached at a given time. Based primarily
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The League of Nations attracted special attention of the Lawyers as they played an important role in its drafting and as it had as its aims the promotion of international cooperation and the achievement of international peace and security.
International lawyers in particular were concerned with how international law might be agreed, judged and enforced and in the inter war period turned much of their attention to the activities of the Permanent Court of International Justice and the League of Nations. They considered the League to be a useful step in the development of international law.
After the start of Second World War, eventually the failure of the League, writers hoped for a reformulation of the league-
‘The central object of which should be the preservation of the European peace.'- said Lord Robert Cecil. The hopes for a more legally formulated charter for the United Nations declined as it emphasized on political solution to the disputes. As Goodrich and Hambro, authors of a distinguished book on UNO, admitted –
‘Since the responsibility for interpretation is vested in organs and members alike, the process is more likely to be political than judicial… Decisions tend to reflect to
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