Theories of Leadership and Management

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You assign a new employee a task as you run off to a meeting, do your work or to take that precious lunch break. When you get back, you learn that this person has not completed what you have asked of him/her, not because they did not want to, but because they did not know how and did not ask for help. Because of this, time is wasted and now you have to actually do some work yourself. What would be a good way to minimize the likelihood of things like this happening in the future? For many years, people in positions to lead others have been struggling to find that one leading style that would work the best, but study after study fail to find this miracle style. To be a great and efficient leader, we must utilize multiple styles and…show more content…
A worker with experience in the assigned task will be ready and able to complete the task with confidence, but if a task is assigned to this same person wherein he/she has no experience, needless to say the readiness level would be much lower in this case. Aside from the maturity levels there are four levels of readiness a leader must account for when making leadership decisions, for example, which leadership style to use, and the maturity level of the people being assigned to complete a project. They are as follows: Level 1 or low- This person is not only unwilling and unable, but may be insecure as well. There are two moderate levels, Level 2- This person is willing and confident, but unable. Level 3- This person is able, but unwilling or insecure. Lastly we have Level 4 or high- at this level an individual is confident, ready, willing and able. Clearly the ideal situation would be to have people with the highest maturity and readiness levels, but things rarely work the way we imagine. Different levels of maturity and readiness does not make someone with low levels weak or incompetent, they just have different needs and may need more supervision for a period or some extra training, leaders need to build their followers up to higher levels over time. Using Hersey and Blanchard’s theory we have a way to identify our leadership needs and determine which direction to go based on the people we are leading and their individual needs. Over
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