Essay about Theories of Mediation

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Throughout this course thus far we have generically discussed the various models of mediation(in particular facilitative),skills and tasks needed by a mediator to conduct a successful mediation. The facilitative approach we have been studying, via theory and in-class exercises has afford us some great insight into mediating into a variety of domestic conflicts from family to business disputes.However,there is a whole other subfield in mediation ,which we have not discussed and that is international mediation. International mediation also has a variety of forms. Cases for mediation can range from a conflict between two states, an ethnic conflict that, has bought violence within a particular state, or perhaps a business dispute between…show more content…
Each of them may adopt behavior that ranges from the very passive,through facilitative to the highly active.The form and character mediation in a particular international conflict are determined by the context of both the international system and the conflict itself,the issues,the parties involved,and the identity of the mediator.The important of this reciprocal influence can hardly be overemphasized (Berovitch , ,p.133) Bercovitch( ) asserts that as a legitimate form of international peacemaking and an expression of international concern, mediation is particularly appropriate when (a) a conflict is long ,drawn out, or complex;(b)the parties’ own conflict-management efforts have reached an impasse;(c) neither party is prepared to countenance further costs or loss of life; and (d) both parties are prepared to cooperate, tacitly or openly, to break their stalemate ( ).When these conditions prevail, the presence of a mediator can secure a peaceful outcome. Traditional approaches to mediation assume that a conflict’s parties and a mediator share one compelling reason for initiating mediation: a desire to reduce,abate,or resolve a conflict.To this end,both sides may invest personnel,time,and resources in the mediation.This shared humanititarian interest maybe the only genuine reason in a few instances of mediation,but normally even this interest intertwines with other, less altruistic,
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