Theories of State: Plato and Kautilya

2779 Words Oct 9th, 2010 12 Pages

Plato’s Theory of an Ideal State
Kautilya’s Saptanga Theory of State
Plato vs. Kautilya- A Comparison


A state can be defined as a sovereign political entity. We often confuse it with a Government, but
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Gymnastics, on the other hand, included everything regarding athletics and physical fitness. Also, one curious point was that both men and women were treated equally with respect to education.
Their uncommon ways of life, as described by Plato also had a certain purpose, that of cultivating a public feeling over private life. For this he prescribed a communal, simple living without any rights to handle private property, gold or silver.
The Foundation Myth

So how could Plato ensure that people abided by these rules? For this, he introduced this myth. It says that God created man in such a way that the composition of the Rulers is Gold, the Auxillary is Silver and the Commoner is Bronze. And that a prophecy says that if anyone disobeys this natural order,say, if a silver child becomes a ruler, the entire state would be ruined. This would achieve two more purposes. One, the commoner would accept the Guardians’ rule as an unchangeable and second, the Guardians themselves would have little incentive to devise corrupt means to be more powerful, as they are already gifted with superior natures. Plato also cleverly provided ways for promotion or demotion between the classes, that is, a golden child born into a silver family could still be a ruler, irrespective of the family background.
What will Utopia achieve?
For one, it would achieve Justice, when everyone does his own job. More

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