Theories of management under the classical school

1365 Words Oct 7th, 2013 6 Pages
Classical school of management
This school flourished from the late 1800s through the 1920s and is associated with the Industrial Revolution. This is the time when society moved from agrarian to industrial. Management, though the word was not then used in the sense that we use now, was all about increasing production and improving productivity among workers.

Among the first to study what would one day come to be known as management was philosopher Mary Parker Follett. After graduating from Radcliffe in 1898, she began authoring a series of papers on business conflict, authority, power and the place of an individual in the society and the group (or organizational behavior). Follett was one of the first women invited to address the
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To control (French word controller meaning to get feedback about a process to make the necessary adjustments)

14 Principles of management

1. DIVISION OF WORK: Work should be divided among individuals and groups according to specialization to ensure that effort and attention are focused on special portions of the task. Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization.
2. AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY: The concepts of authority and responsibility are closely related. Authority was defined by Fayol as the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience. Responsibility involves being accountable, and is therefore naturally associated with authority. Whoever assumes authority also assumes responsibility.
3. DISCIPLINE: A successful organization requires the common effort of workers. Penalties should be applied judiciously to encourage this common effort.
4. UNITY OF COMMAND: Workers should receive orders from only one manager.
5. UNITY OF DIRECTION: The entire organization should
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