Theories on Crime

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Theories on Crime: The field of criminology is basically described as the study of crime through which the causes, prevention, and correction of offenses are examined. While this process can be extremely difficult, especially for students, the analysis of the causes of crime is significant to sociology and criminology. The difficulties associated with the study of crime originate from the numerous challenges in developing theories that explain human behavior. In relation to crime, human behavior varies because participants differ in backgrounds, experiences, and characteristics. However, several criminologists and other social scientists have made important contributions in explaining criminal behavior. These contributions have mainly involved the establishment of several theories on crime that focus on various aspects of criminal behavior. Some of the major theories on crime include classical, positivist, individual trait, sociological, and integrated theories.

Sociological Crime Theories: The sociological crime theories emerged from attempts by criminologists and sociologists in their evaluation of criminal behavior and other elements of criminal justice systems (Reid, 2008, p.96). However, the sociological theories and crime have contributed to the emergence of much disagreement because of the complications associated with social science theory. Generally, sociologists examine the causes of crime from structural and procedural perspectives that influence criminal

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