Theories on How Children Develop and Learn

2302 WordsOct 8, 201110 Pages
BOX 2 THEORIES ON HOW CHILDREN DEVELOP AND LEARN cognitive / constructivist Jean Piaget – he believed that we take in information and that our brains process it and as a result of this our behaviour changes. He felt that children move through different stages in their development and that adults play an important role as they support children through different stages of development. He believed that children learn through process of adapting and understanding known as: Assimilation – taking in new information from the environment through doing everyday actions (crawling, touching, rolling…) Accommodation – changing existing patterns of actions to accommodate new information (avoid crawling into the wall as it hurts) Equilibration –…show more content…
Children often display the signs of insecurity and the need to be safe. Belongingness and love needs – consist of friendship, family, sexual intimacy. Maslow states that people seek to overcome feelings of loneliness. This involves receiving love, affection and sense of belonging. Esteem needs – this involves self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, and respect by others. When these needs are satisfied, the person feels self-confident and valuable as a person in the world. When these needs are not met the person feels weak, helpless and worthless. Self-actualisation – it is personal growth and fulfilment. Maslow believes that the only reason that people would not move well in direction of self-actualisation is because of obstacles placed in their way by society. One of the barriers is education. Therefore he states that educators should teach the children: * To be authentic – to be aware of their inner selves and to hear their inner-feeling voices. * To overcome their cultural conditioning and become world citizens * To discover their vocation in life, their calling, fate or destiny * To teach them that life is precious * To accept people for who they are * To be able to see that person’s basis needs are met * To teach the children to appreciate beauty and other good things in nature and in living * To teach them that controls are good * To teach children to be good choosers * To teach children to be
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