Theorist : Piaget 's Theory

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Theorist Information Piaget 1936 Vygotsky 1960s Chomsky 1957, 1965, 1991 Theory Overview Piaget’s cognitive development theory states that a child’s knowledge comes from his or her experiences as they explore their world (Berk, 2007). Vygotsky’s theory focuses on how culture is transmitted to the next generation. Through social interaction, children begin to acquire skills that are valued by their culture (Berk, 2007). Chomsky’s theory seeks to explain how children acquire language so quickly. Chomsky asserts that children are born with innate linguistic abilities that are triggered by experience (Universal Grammar 2006). Aspect of Lifespan Development (Module Focus) Cognitive Development Cognitive Development Language Development Theory…show more content…
Application to Learning/Education Piaget’s theory can be applied to learning to help educators develop age appropriate learning environments. This theory is also useful in the development of curriculum and assessment. Vygotsky’s theory is pertinent to successful teaching. Children come to school with a wide range of abilities. It is the teachers responsibility to identify the zone of proximal distance and utilize scaffolding to bring each student to where they need to be developmentally and academically. Understanding that each child has a different frame of reference due to cultural differences is essential to ensuring that teachers are successful in supporting their students’ growth (Grace, 2017). This theory helps us understand learning because it explains how children development their language at such a high rate. It is also helpful because it lets educators know that challenging students above their level of knowledge is the best way to support students’ growth. Theory: Mechanisms of Change To progress from one stage to the next, an individual must successfully experience each stage. As children explore their environments they are actively developing higher levels of thinking. In order for this theory to be successful, adults must have extensive knowledge on what is expected of children at each stage of development. A teacher must know what level of knowledge
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