Theory Analysis

1707 Words Mar 10th, 2002 7 Pages
Theory Analysis

Sigmund Freud - Psychosexual Theory

· Basic Philosophy - The basic philosophy is that the sex instinct is the most factor influencing personality; sexual instinct is present at birth, but it occurs in stages. The sex instinct provides the driving force for thought and activity. If conflicts from these stages are not resolved fixations may occur. If overindulgence at a stage may result in a person remaining at that stage. Certain personality traits develop from difficulty in one stage or another, for instance the anal stage can give the obsession for a person to be excessively neat and clean.
· Key concepts

Oral Stage - (birth to 12 or 18 mo.) mouth used for sexual pleasure

Anal Stage - (1to 3
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Despair - (late adulthood) individuals review their lives, and if they they are satisfied and feel a sense of accomplishment.

· Strengths and Usefulness This theory gives life stages definition and helps locate where problems may arise and help them be resolved. Theory is structured around relationship with environment . · Weaknesses Once a person passes a stage they can regress backwards. A person can be in more than one stage at any time in their life. Trust vs. Mistrust is something that occurs when any substantial relationship is formed.

· Applications Can be used to help a person identify a problem so it can be resolved such as shame or guilt. Used mainly in therapy or counseling.

Jean Piaget - Cognitive Development

· Basic Philosophy - Cognitive ability develops in four stages, each of them representing a qualitatively different form of reasoning and understanding. Stages are universal and sequencial, children may advance at a different pace. Children are solitary explorers, internally motivated to formulate and test their ideas in the world.

· Key Concepts

Sensorimotor - (0-2