Theory Analysis Of Virginia Henderson 's ' The First Lady Of Nursing '

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Theory Analysis – Virginia Henderson Virginia Avenel Henderson has been called the “first lady of nursing” and the “Nightingale of modern nursing.” She is known for her definition of nursing, “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such way as to help gain independence as rapidly as possible.” (Henderson, 1966, p.21) Henderson’s Need Theory was inspired by her career in public health and nursing education and research. Background Virginia Henderson was born November 30, 1897 in Kansas City, Mo, into…show more content…
1. Breathe normally. 2. Eat and drink adequately. 3. Eliminate body wastes 4. Move and maintain desirable postures 5. Sleep and rest. 6. Select suitable clothes dress and undress 7. Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment 8. Keep the body clean and well-groomed and protect the integument 9. Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others 10. Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions 11. Worship according to one’s faith 12. Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment 13. Play or participate in various forms of recreation 14. Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. (Henderson, 1966) The fourteen components of basic nursing care developed by Henderson branch from Florence Nightingale’s thirteen canons, expanding upon the basic patient needs Nightingale identified. Henderson’s theory takes a modern stance on “ventilation and warmth” (Nightingale, 1860), addressing the basic needs as “breathe normally” and “maintain body temperature within a normal range…” (Henderson, 1966) While other components directly from Nightingale’s theory: “personal cleanliness” and “food” (Nightingale, 1860) are repeated in Henderson’s: “keep the body clean…” and “eat and drink regularly.” (Henderson, 1966) Henderson’s Need Theory is an interactive

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