Theory And All Essential Elements

863 Words4 Pages
In order to analyze and understand a theory, one must approach it in a scientific manner by utilizing the five-step scientific method to outline the theory and all essential elements. The five-step (5) scientific method is as follows: (1) ask a question, (2) conduct research, (3) form a hypothesis, (4) test the hypothesis using experiments, and (5) draw a conclusion. The primary question that is asked in conflict theory is, who is causing the crime and what behaviors contribute to the crime in society? According to Reid (2012), “many of today’s scholars trace modern criminology conflict theory back to the social and economic upheavals of the 1960s” (p. 127). Over time, conflict theory has gain popularity among theorists, and each of those theorists has completed their own research pertaining to their hypothesis and conclusion. Conflict Theorist, Georg Simmel conducted the majority of his research from the works of Durkheim. For example, Simmel made his contribution to the research behind conflict theory by focusing on the consequences and forms of conflict rather than the causes of conflict (Lilly, Cullen, & Ball, 2015, p. 178). Additionally, Simmel focused most his research in contrast of Carl Marx’s views on conflict. It was not until Edwin Sutherland that his concept of differential social organization was fastened to conflict theory as a conflict perspective (p. 180). Lilly, Cullen, and Ball (2015) point out that Sutherland was already working on researching “the
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