Essay on Theory of Analytical Psychology

2821 Words Dec 22nd, 2011 12 Pages
Running head: Theory of Analytical Psychology

Research Paper
PSYC 341 Carl Jung’s Theory of Analytical Psychology

Psychology of Personality
By
A. M. Barnett

January 17, 2006

Abstract
Carl Gustav Jung was bone July 26, 1875 (Feist and Feist, 2002). He was blessed to be surrounded by an educated family, including clergymen. Carl Jung as a young man was a colleague of Freud. His life’s work was exploring the unconscious. Freud’s theory of the unconscious made the unconscious sound unpleasant. It involved crazy desires, incestuous cravings, and frightening experiences that would come back to haunt a person. Based on Freud’s theory, one would understandably be terrified of making the unconscious conscious. Jung,
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Jung observed psychotic patients as they were confronted with the task of responding to a list of 50 words. He compared their delusional ideas to myths trying to understand them. Shortly after, he left the hospital position, and broke away from Freud. He began to analyze his own dreams and fantasies in order to further confirm this hypothetical other layer of the unconscious. He began to focus on broader collective elements he called archetypes. Jung believed that archetypes had a regulatory function beyond the sexual drive. His primary treatment for his patients involved treatment of their unconscious. Jung believed that the archetypal images were the principal structural elements of the unconscious that was express in myths and other collective narratives. His major therapeutic technique was drawing parallels between the archetypal images and his patients’ dreams and fantasies. Delving into psychology more in depth initiated speculations by Freud and Jung and left the specific synaptic and neural materialization of unconscious processes to be inferred. In an attempt to avoid the problem of dualistic thinking and of treating the mind as separate from the body without relying on known data, Jung’s speculation about unconscious archetypes united drives and spirit, matter and psyche, reached for solutions tying human behavior to genetic predispositions. (Ekstrom, 2004) Jung believed that people retreated into infantile