Theory of Child Development: Kim's Childhood Case Study

1875 Words Jan 11th, 2018 8 Pages
The ability of a child to progress into the next developmental stage in his/her life is dependent on the type of care he/she receives during the early childhood stage. If the child receives consistent care and his/her individual experiences promote safety and security, he/she progresses to the next stage without a remainder of unsatisfied needs. However, if the individual does not receive this type of care, he/she becomes fixated at early childhood and develops oral fixated behaviors. Kim's progression into other developmental stages was mainly determined by the kind of care she received during her early childhood. She developed oral fixated behaviors that were evident in the later stages of her life because she was born into an unhappy marriage in which her parents were constantly yelling at each other. The unhappy marriage and constant yelling of her parents hindered the provision of consistent care. As a result, her individual experiences during this stage did not promote feelings of safety and security. In his theory of development, Erikson suggests that a child develops a blend of trust and mistrust during the first year of his/her life if he/she receives consistent and healthy care. Therefore, a child needs warm, attentive, consistent, and predictable care in order to develop trust during the initial eighteen months of his/her life. Kim's…
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