Theory of Ideas

1002 WordsJul 11, 20185 Pages
Plato is one of the most important people in the history of Philosophy. Throughout his life, he had made many contributions to the world of philosophy, but the most important contribution that he is most known for is his theory of the Ideas or Forms. Throughout his many works such as the Phaedo and Symposium, he presented his theory of Ideas by using both mythos and logos in his argument for support. In the Phaedo, Plato introduced the theory of Ideas which centered on the problem of immortality of the soul, which suggested that true cannot be finding in the sensible world, but in the world of ideas. He talked about the knowledge of equality in the sense world in which it is impossible to have things that are equal. Things in the sense…show more content…
In the Symposium, the development of the theory of Ideas is different. As I had mentioned above, in the Phaedo, the theory of Ideas is just an assumption with no clearly proof. After reading the Symposium, it seems like Socrates speaks with confident as though he actually grasp the Absolute Beauty. The Ideas is monadic in the Symposium. In the Republic, the development of Ideas by Plato is taking another step forward. The Ideas are the Absolute Good in which the Republic clearly displayed with the use of mythos and logos. In this book, Plato used three analogies as his proof for the Absolute Good: Allegory of the Sun, the Divided Line and Allegory of the Cave. In the allegory of the sun, it mentioned that the sunlight makes things visible in order for the eyes to see clearly the objects, so the good gives human being the object of knowledge. Plato then talked about the Divided Line, which divide into the intelligible world and the visible world. These two parts then divided again within their parts with the division of the lowest to the highest. The allegory of the cave also distinguishes the two worlds: intelligible and visible. He describes this allegory with a group of people living in the cave for all of their life and see shadow because of the fire. One person escapes and sees the true reality outside the cave and return to the cave. This person tries to explain to the other prisoners about the true reality, but the others refused. Plato, in
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