There Are Many Theories That A Counselor Can Use During

1823 WordsMay 8, 20178 Pages
There are many theories that a counselor can use during a session with a client and many seem to stem from the work of Carl Rogers in the 1940s. Person centered, which later became known as client centered theory is used by many in the field today. There are a few techniques that derived from this approach, but it is limited in techniques when compared to other theories. It touches mostly on feeling and has its critiques and flaws as a theory, including multicultural limitations, but still remains widely used in educational counseling, group counseling, and addiction counseling. Person centered therapy was pioneered by Carl Rogers and dates back to 1942 where he developed what was called nondirective counseling. Rogers published his first…show more content…
A person-centered therapist is there to help the client achieve those goals that they set for themselves and is not there to choose out which goals they think their client needs change. A session using this approach would be guided by the client, but the relationship between the two is the most important thing (Corey, 2017, 2013). Person-centered theory expects the therapist to be present, accessible, genuine, and realistic with the client. The therapist is there to use themselves as a tool, or instrument, in helping the client facilitate change in themselves (Corey, 2017, 2013). One’s attitude as a therapist is far more important than techniques, theories, and knowledge when applying person-centered. The goal is to build a relationship where the client feels they are being cared for, respected, accepted, and supported. Rogers formulated a hypothesis that stated the therapeutic core conditions: two persons in psychological contact, client is the state of incongruence, therapist is congruent, therapist experiences unconditional positive regard, therapist experiences empathic understanding, and the communication of the empathic response and positive regard is minimally achieved (Corey, 2017). The approach is also a perfect fit for group counseling in which the counselor is not looked at as a leader, but more as a facilitator of the group. The trust of all the group members is first earned by

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