Thesis on Infant Mortality

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Chapter 1


Children are vital to the nation’s present and its future. Parents, grandparents, aunts, and uncles are usually committed to providing every advantage possible to the children in their families, and to ensuring that they are healthy and have the opportunities that they need to fulfill their potential. Yet communities vary considerably in their commitment to the collective health of children and in the resources that they make available to meet children’s needs. This is reflected in the ways in which communities address their collective commitment to children, specifically to their health. In recent years, there has been an increased focus on issues that affect children and on improving their health.
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The infant mortality rate is 106 in rural areas in Punjab and this figure is much high. Also there is a need to explore infant

mortality in socio economic perspective of rural areas (UNICEF, 2010). Mortality in female infants was 1.3 times higher than in male infants. Discrimination, which may lead to increased mortality among female children, has been the subject of many previous studies. The World Health Organization has reported that the sex disparities in health and education are higher in South Asia (Khanna et al. 2005).

The human society even having acknowledged this universal truth has been continuously trying to postponing death since the dawn of civilization. Developed nations are largely successful in it. But under developed countries have failed in declining mortality especially infant mortality rates. The infant mortality rate in Pakistan is quite high and every 11th child who is born alive dies before reaching of his first birth day (Cleland and
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