Theu.s V. State Of Connecticut, Supreme Court Of The United States
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Case name, Court, and year:
Griswold v. State of Connecticut, Supreme Court of the United States, 1965.
Does the Constitution establish and protect the right of marital privacy? Do Connecticut’s statutes barring the use of, or the counseling of someone on the use of, contraceptives (ss 53-32 and 54-196 of the General Statutes of Connecticut) violate such a right?
Yes (7/2); Yes (7/2)
Estelle Griswold is the Executive Director of the Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut; C. Lee Buxton is a licensed physician and current professor at Yale Medical School. He served as the Medical Director at the League’s location in New Haven during the time of the incident. Griswold and Buxton counseled a married couple on various ways to prevent conception. They performed an examination on the wife and prescribed the best method of contraception for her. Griswold and Buxton usually charged fees for their services, though some couples received free assistance. The League officials were arrested in November 1961 for violating Connecticut’s ban on contraceptives. Procedural:
-Trial Court: Griswold and Buxton were convicted.
-Connecticut Appellate Court: Conviction upheld.
-Connecticut Supreme Court: Conviction upheld.
-Supreme Court of the United States: Conviction overturned.
Rule and Reasoning: Ss 53-32 of the General Statutes of Connecticut (1958 rev.) threatens to fine or imprison any individual that uses contraceptives as way to