Third Party Mediation in Conflict Resolution

3121 Words Feb 15th, 2013 13 Pages
THIRD PARTY MEDIATION IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION
Introduction
The contemporary international system has witnessed dramatic increases in numerous conflicts. Specifically, of the six continents in the world, not even one is immune to one form of violent conflicts or the other. Of all efforts to explain the causes of these conflicts, a growing body of research findings highlights the association between economic deprivation and conflict. (Gurr 1970; Elbadawi 1992; Collier and Hoeffler 1998; Stewart 2002; Deiminger 2003; Justino 2004).
Thence, circumstances of gross economic denial, together with social, political, and environmental factors precipitate conflict.
Third party mediation in Conflict Resolution has gained a considerable
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Therefore, all parts must play their role for the system to survive. While some theorists may argue that mediation is motivated by the desire to contain spillover effect.
These notwithstanding, the role played by third party in any conflict resolution cannot be overemphasized. This is because; third party mediation in conflict resolution has assumed one of the most appealing strategies for accommodating conflict situation in societies.
In view of the above, the group explores the nature of third party mediation in conflict resolution, examine the characteristics of certain types of conflicts that may invite them. It will look at specific case studies, obligations of parties in conflict in third party conflict resolution and lastly, processes, merits and demerits of third party mediation in conflict resolution.
Definition of Terms
Whilst there is no internationally agreed definition of the term conflict, most definitions viewed it as the existence of non-compatibility or disagreements between two actors (individuals, groups, organizations, or nations) in their interactions over the issues of interest, values, beliefs, goals, space, positions, or scarce resources etc. Couch differently; conflict is an expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from others in achieving their goals. Thus, it is an inevitable
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