This essay aims to discuss health issues related to obesity including causes, prevention and

1900 WordsApr 23, 20198 Pages
This essay aims to discuss health issues related to obesity including causes, prevention and dietary aspects as well as underpinning principles and policies related to obesity. WHO (2011) defines health policy as the mandated aspect that must be standardizing to meet vital tasks of the health care as well as the society. Ham (2006) defines health policy as a product of interaction between different interests articulated by pressure groups, organizations and social movements. Buse, Mays and Walt (2012) defines policy as a broad statement of goals that create the framework for activities and ideas in the form of written document or unwritten. Policy implementation monitors, controls and review issues or demands that are addressed as policy…show more content…
According to Department of Health (2012) one of the major issues that need immediate attention is obesity. As of today approximately more than 1 billion people are overweight and 300 million people are obese worldwide, this was estimated by WHO (2013) Statistics by the Department of Health (2013) showed that a total of 23% of adults are obese (with a body mass index – BMI – of over 30); 61.3% are either overweight or obese (with a BMI of over 25). For children, 23.1% of 4–5-year-olds are overweight or obese, and 33.3% of 10–11-year-olds.There is strong evidence by the Department of Health suggesting that health checks have shown that people with learning disabilities had a higher rate of obesity of about 35% of the general population. Naidoo (2008) stated that WHO defines obesity as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulating in the tissues to the extent that health maybe at risk. Obesity may cause heart diseases, cancer, type 2 diabetes, respiratory problems and lack of self- esteem and reduced quality of life. Upton and Thirlaway (2010) stated that an average of 35% of premature death is associated with obesity. It is reported that 73 000 cardiovascular deaths and 34000 other deaths a year are related to the type and quantity of food we eat. There are so many factors that cause obesity and diet, lifestyle and genetics are the main contributors to obesity even though

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