Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

1361 Words Sep 22nd, 2015 6 Pages
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two English thinkers in the seventeenth-century who 's ideas became a key to the Enlightenment. Baron de Montesquieu and Voltaire were philosophers who applied the methods of science to understand and improve society. Thomas Hobbes believed in a powerful government. He believed people were naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish, and if they were not strictly controlled they would commit crimes and abuse one another. He believed that life with no government would be horrible and in order to escape the horrible life that one had to sign a social contract, which was an agreement were the people gave up their freedom for an organized society. He also believed that only a powerful government could guarantee a precise society. In his opinion, a government like that was an absolute monarchy, who could demand orders and enforce obedience. He also believed that there should be no division or separation of powers because it would cause a conflict and would leave people without a government. John Locke had a more positive view of human nature, and believed that people were reasonable and respectable. He believed that people had certain natural rights which included life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that people formed government to protect their rights. Unlike Hobbes, Locke rejected absolute monarchy and believed the best form of government had limited power and was accepted by all citizens. Locke proposed an idea that a government had a…

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