Thomas Hobbes And The Natural Law

1531 Words Jul 3rd, 2015 7 Pages
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As the natural law is the inherent normative quality in nature, not only does Aquinas claim that all men are bound to it, but by its very nature as a reflection of the eternal law, it is both absolute and immutable (Farrell, 382). This was an idea that Hobbes violently rejected. Thomas Hobbes was born metaphorically into a sea of change, often joking about the coincidence of his birth and the invasion of the Spanish Armada on 5 April 1588 (Ormsby-Norton, para. 2). During much of his life, England was embroiled in political upheaval, and during the English Civil War, Hobbes was forced to seek a self-imposed exile in Paris where he wrote
De Corpore and De Cive
, the latter “set[ting] forth essentially the same theory as that of the Leviathan” (Russell, 547). By the time he did publish
Leviathan
in 1651, he had alienated both his royalist friends and his French hosts with his reliance on Cartesian rationalism and his bitter attacks on Catholicism (547). Among being a philosopher, Hobbes was also quite interested in the fields of astronomy and physics, befriending Galileo, Descartes, and Newton (548). In the case of the latter, Hobbes believed in Newtonian determinism and sought to apply Newton’s determinism in political philosophy as well (548). He would bring this understanding of the universe and the men who dwelled in it to bear in his theory of natural law. The first and most basic premise that Hobbes argues is the equality of man in his natural state, and…
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