Thomas Hobbes 's ' Leviathan '

1190 WordsMar 5, 20155 Pages
The source which will be analysed is the frontispiece of Thomas Hobbes most famous work ‘Leviathan’ and ‘Leviathan’ as a whole. The frontispiece is considered as prominent as the arguments put forth by Thomas Hobbes in the ‘Leviathan’ itself. The frontispiece depicts a crowned figure grasping a crosier and a sword. This figure, or ‘Leviathan’, represents the all-powerful, comprehensive state. When looked at closely, the torso and arms of the figure are made up of hundreds of individual people, who are all looking up at the head of the ‘Leviathan’, which represents the sovereign. Hobbes uses this image to argue that the sovereign rules in accordance with its subjects giving approval or permission on something and not just through the sovereign’s divine right to rule. Hobbes’s powerful image, like Hobbes’s principles can be considered a paradox; the state represented as a democratic autocracy. The arguments presented by Hobbes in Leviathan were met by a sea of opposition, which in turn led Hobbes to be caught up in more controversy than any writer before his time, which lasted throughout his entire life. Surprisingly, ‘Leviathan’ demonstrated no distinct bias from Hobbes in support of monarchical rule, just Hobbes strong support for autarchy or absolutism. The ‘Leviathan’ also highlighted support towards the Puritan regime, which was led by Oliver Cromwell, as Hobbes argued that the freedom of each citizen is in fact obtained by the commonwealth . Hobbes returned to England
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