Thomas Mill, English Philosopher And Social Reformer

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John Stuart Mill, English philosopher and social reformer, one of the most influential figures of the nineteenth century, produced such large philosophical and literary output that we are able to apply many of his ideas and theories into everyday issues and topics. His writing includes a wide range of subjects in ethics, logic, religion, economics, current affairs, and social and political philosophy. His most significant writings include Principles of Political Economy, Utilitarianism, and The Subjection of Women. With strong influences from his father and his father 's mentor, Jeremy Bentham, he adopted their ideologies and became a leading figure in utilitarianism. There’s no doubt that utilitarianism can shape public policy, but how affectively it can define moral principles in a universal scale remains a topic of debate.
In a series of articles published in Fraser’s Magazine in 1861 John Mill introduced one of his key concepts: Utilitarianism. The theory of utility holds that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure .” Actions are judged and condemned good or evil by their outcome. When an action brings the most happiness to the most people, with overall pleasure and little to no pain, said action becomes justified. Utilitarianism can easily be applied to certain issues such as
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