Threats to the Integrity of South Africa's Democracy Essay

1871 Words 8 Pages
Through a fair electoral system, the South African government has elected and been led by the African National Congress (ANC) over the past twenty years. Yet, with the limitations on rights, they have not been able to identify with all of the main circumstances that make up a democratic government. A democratic political system must meet “three essential conditions: meaningful and extensive competition among individuals and organized groups (especially political parties) for the major positions of government; a highly inclusive level of political participation in the selection of leaders and policies, at least through regular and fair elections,…and a level of civil and political liberties – freedom of expression, freedom of press, …show more content…
Through a fair electoral system, the South African government has elected and been led by the African National Congress (ANC) over the past twenty years. Yet, with the limitations on rights, they have not been able to identify with all of the main circumstances that make up a democratic government. A democratic political system must meet “three essential conditions: meaningful and extensive competition among individuals and organized groups (especially political parties) for the major positions of government; a highly inclusive level of political participation in the selection of leaders and policies, at least through regular and fair elections,…and a level of civil and political liberties – freedom of expression, freedom of press, freedom to form a join organizations – sufficient to ensure the integrity of political competition and participation” (Diamond, Lipset, Linz, 1987, p. 5). The ANC is infringing on the last condition laid out by Diamond, Lipset, and Linz. They also point out that without this condition; the political system is unable to sufficiently ensure its integrity, making the ANC questionable in the eyes of South Africans. With new laws being passed and bans being placed on communication, “South Africans find they are unable to act freely” (Hamilton, 2011, p. 356). The power the ANC has over the government and the entire country is staggering. Considering the ANC holds a high percentage of parliament seats, it is easy for them to pass a law that benefits
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