Three Characteristics of Effective Work Groups

2101 Words Mar 16th, 2010 9 Pages
The three characteristics that will be discussed in this essay are motivation, communication and leadership. This essay will relate to relevant theories and theorist that have an association to any of the characteristics. The factors will be discussed in detail to portray how they can be used efficiently to create an effective work group and also how organisations will benefit from the outcomes of each individual in the team.

Groups are a crucial feature of any company or organisation. If an organisation is to function effectively it requires collaboration and co-operation among its members by working together in a group based activity. Mullins, J defined groups as 'any number of people who interact with one another are psychologically
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This may lead to conflict and hostility, however out of conflict; there could be a good outcome. The potential reasons of conflict are because members are confident to challenge each other. The storming stage is vital as there is an increase in positive energy and activity, which can lead to significant changes in creativity and innovation.

Norming - in this sage the members are able to control any conflict or hostility and work as a team and developing their own norms of acceptable behaviour. The norming stage is crucial as it establishes the needs of each individual so they can co-operate, plan and agree standards of performance and accomplish the purpose of the group.

Performing - during this stage the groups are more focused on their goals, decisions are made and solutions are agreed upon. They will have created a structure and cohesiveness to work effectively as a team. The team can now contemplate on the attainment of its objectives and ensure the task performance is as it's most effective.

Adjourning - this stage refers to the disbanding of the group because of the objectives being accomplished to a satisfactory level or because members are leaving and individuals in the group feel a sense of loss, and their return to autonomy is characterised by sorrow and apprehension. However in prior to closure, it is vital that the group members reflect on upon their individual performances and their time together.