Essay on Three Kingdoms of Korea

1031 Words Mar 2nd, 2014 5 Pages
Three Kingdoms Period of Korea

The Three Kingdoms period of Korea is an important part of world history. This research paper will describe the three kingdoms of Korea, from 57 Before Common Era until 688 Common Era into the Unified Silla Kingdom period. The history and art from these periods will be discussed in order to show the impact it has had on the Korean culture. This paper will show the Influence China had when the Koreans created their empire and works of art.
The Three Kingdoms period of Korea began in 57 BCE due, in part, to the Chinese occupation of the western peninsula. There were many tribes in Korea, prior to 100 BCE, when the Chinese fought and gained control of the western peninsula. The strongest of all the Korean
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The southern kingdoms, Paekche and Silla, were forced to the lower third portion of the peninsula. The Silla Tribe was at war with the Paekche and Koguryo tribes. The Chinese had once again become powerful and fought the Koguryo and Paekche in 660 CE finally defeating them, with the help of the Silla Tribe, in 668 CE. The Chinese wanted to maintain control over the territory for military use; however the Silla Tribe wanted a unified Korea and was willing to fight for it. The Silla defeated the Chinese eight years later and was able to achieve their goal of a unified independent nation. For the first time the Koreans were unified. (Korean Enigma, 2004).
During the period of the Unified Silla Kingdom, 688 CE to 935 CE, the religion of the Koreans started changing. The Silla rulers were going the way of the Chinese and brought the Buddhist ways to Korea. The Koreans believed their Buddhist temples protected them from external threats. (Kleiner, 2011, p. 202). The temples were built around the Silla capital of Kyongju as a supernatural defense system; unfortunately none of the temples are standing today. A granite Buddhist monument was built in 742 CE by Kim Tae Sung, a member of the royal family, “to honor his parents in his previous life.” (Kleiner, 2011, p. 203). The monument was an eleven feet tall statue of Shakyamuni, and carved from a single piece of granite. The depiction of Buddha is from the Tang China and is represented with a round face. Surrounding