Three Models And Theories Of Classroom Management

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Analysis of Three Models/Theories of Classroom Management

A teacher’s classroom duties and responsibilities vary. However, the key role of a teacher is to maintain effective classroom management by creating a safe and supportive learning environment. To avoid disorder in the classroom, teachers need to establish an environment where rules or procedures guide students’ conduct. The absence of such classroom organisation creates an ineffective and unsustainable teaching and learning environment. Therefore, an understanding of the different theories of classroom management such as Goal Centered Theory, Cognitive Behavioural Theory and Assertive Discipline equips teachers with the knowledge and skills needed to offer students the best chance to succeed at school. A teacher’s beliefs, attitudes and values help inform the best approach; therefore, an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the three aforementioned theories will be conducted, in addition to a concluding summary detailing the similarities and differences.

Firstly, Goal Centered Theory [GCT] is a classroom management approach developed by Rudolf Dreikurs. Dreikurs founded GCT on the psychoeducational philosophies of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology Theory (Wright, 1957). The key principles of GCT advise that students’ behaviour is goal-directed, purposeful and aimed at attaining social approval (Dreikurs, Grunwald & Pepper, 1998; Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014). This instinctive need to belong is reflected in
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